Resources related to Species of Concern

Protected Areas Database of the United States

Improving the Nations Data on Natural Resources and Parklands
The PAD-US section of the website describes the land inventory database and efforts to improve how we track U.S. lands set aside for conservation, open space, recreation and other natural resource uses.

The Data Portal section of the web site contains a wide range of information on protected land inventories maintained by indivdual states, federal agencies and national non-profits. You are invited to help improve this information by directly contributing information about available protected areas data.

Northwestern Interior Landscape Conservation Cooperative

Conservation needs in Alaska and across the nation require an unprecedented
collaborative effort that links science and conservation with the combined
capacities of many conservation partners. Landscape Conservation
Cooperatives (LCCs) are self-directed partnerships that provide science
support for conservation actions that address landscape-level challenges or
stressors such as climate change. The Northwestern Interior Forest LCC is
one of 21 LCCs identified nationally to complete a network approach of

Arctic Landscape Conservation Cooperative (ALCC)

The Arctic Landscape Conservation Cooperative (ALCC) supports conservation in the arctic by providing applied science and tools to land managers and policy makers. It is a self-directed partnership that functions through a structure of at-large partners, a core staff, and a steering committee of cooperating agencies and organizations. Its geographic scope ranges across North America from Alaska to Labrador. The Alaska portion encompasses three eco-regions: the Brooks Range, the Arctic Foothills, and the Arctic Coastal Plain.

Wind Power, Wildlife and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act: A Way Forward

The “challenges facing wind energy remain both substantial and complex.Wildlife impacts
serve as one such obstacle for the wind industry, and as wind power expands in the United
States, so too do concerns about the impact of wind farms on avian and bat species.
In Part II we discuss anthropogenic effects on avian and bat species with particular emphasis
on wind turbines. In Part III, we provide a broad overview of the U.S. wildlife laws most pertinent

The Pragmatic Migratory Bird Treaty Act: Protecting “Property”

Abstract: In 1916, the United States of America entered into a treaty with the United Kingdom, acting on behalf of Canada, to protect migratory birds from unrestrained killing. Two years later, Congress enacted the Migratory Bird Treaty Act (MBTA) to give effect to this convention. The United States subsequently entered into similar agreements with Mexico in 1936, Japan in 1972, and the Soviet Union in 1976, which were thereafter incorporated into the provisions of the MBTA.

Behaviour and Ecology of Sea Ducks

Sea Ducks have been marginalized in Waterfowl conservation and management programs as most attention has been focused on the "sport ducks" notably mallards. In fact much of our understanding of the demography and harvest of ducks is based on the mallard model. Preceived lack of interest in the Sea Ducks had led to liberal management of this group. Large harvests in Southern areas and intense subsistence use in the North have proved a dangerous combination.