Birding in the United States: A Demographic and Economic Analysis

U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service - Division of Economics
Publication Date: 
2009

This 2009 report provides up-to date information so policy makers can make informed decisions regarding
the management of birds and their habitats. With a total annual Output of $82 Billion this constituency of
48 miilion bird observers can aid bird conservation.
SUMMARY OF ECONOMIC IMPACTS
Birders 47,693,000
Total Expenditures $35,727,724,000
Total Output $82,176,751,000
Jobs 671,000
Employment Income $27,695,934,000
State Tax Revenues $6,157,252,000
Federal Tax Revenues $4,375,932,000
All data presented here are from the wildlife-watching section of the
2006 National Survey of Fishing, Hunting, and Wildlife-Associated Recreation
(FHWAR). It is the most comprehensive survey of wildlife recreation in the United States.
Overall, 11,300 detailed wildlifewatching interviews were completed with a response rate of 78 percent.

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