Resources related to Distribution

Wind Power, Wildlife and the Migratory Bird Treaty Act: A Way Forward

The “challenges facing wind energy remain both substantial and complex.Wildlife impacts
serve as one such obstacle for the wind industry, and as wind power expands in the United
States, so too do concerns about the impact of wind farms on avian and bat species.
In Part II we discuss anthropogenic effects on avian and bat species with particular emphasis
on wind turbines. In Part III, we provide a broad overview of the U.S. wildlife laws most pertinent

Breeding Population Survey 1955-2010 - graphed Goldeneyes 1-12

The graph for goldeneyes on strata 8-11 (Alaskan tundra) does display an apparant decline from about 1967 to about 1990. There needs to be caution in interpretation of these data. Goldeneyes are very difficult to detect and identify on the breeding pair survey. Very few observations are made, which inherently causes observers to be reluctant to place an observation in the goldeneye category unless the sighting was close and in good lighting.

Draft 2011 Pacific Flyway Data Book

The following briefing material has been assembled for use by the Pacific Flyway Council and by U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service
personnel in formulating recommendations for the 2011-2012 waterfowl hunting seasons. This collection of harvest, population,
and hunter data can also serve as a desk-top reference for providing responses to inquiries from agency personnel, the media, and public.
A few points to mention with regard to the information contained in this report:

Behaviour and Ecology of Sea Ducks

Sea Ducks have been marginalized in Waterfowl conservation and management programs as most attention has been focused on the "sport ducks" notably mallards. In fact much of our understanding of the demography and harvest of ducks is based on the mallard model. Preceived lack of interest in the Sea Ducks had led to liberal management of this group. Large harvests in Southern areas and intense subsistence use in the North have proved a dangerous combination.

Found Transmitter A Needle in a Haystack

At first glance the radio transmitter looked like a firecracker with a long fuse. It was a lucky fluke, not a firecracker – that transmitter lying on the Mendenhall Wetlands near Juneau had been implanted in a sea duck ten years earlier and 900 miles south.
Scoters nests are scattered over a vast area from eastern Interior Alaska across northern Canada, and for this reason, scoter nesting habits have been poorly understood and historically difficult to research. Implanted radio transmitters for ducks have contributed valuable insights in recent years.

Wintering Snowy Owls feed on Sea Ducks in the Belcher Islands, Nunavut, Canada

j. Raptor Res. 37(2):164-166¸ 2003 The Raptor Research Foundation, Inc.
Short Communications
While studying the ecology of sea ducks wintering around the Belcher Islands, we
also recorded Snowy Owls (Gilchrist and Robertson 2000). Herein, we expand on
our observations of Snowy Owls, describing their distribution and their relationship
w•th wintering Common Eiders (Somateria mollissima) and Long-tailed Ducks (Clangula hyemalis).